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20 essential items you must have in your kitchen

What's your most essential kitchen item? A bread maker, juicer, or even a trusty wooden spoon? Some kitchens are high tech, others low tech, and neither is right or wrong. Every kitchen is as unique as its chef. Today we’re going to take a look at my top ten kitchen items - and you might be surprised.

If you’re starting out in your cooking adventure, or perhaps downsizing a cluttered space, you might be asking what you really need to have in the kitchen. Supermarkets, cookery shops and of course the internet are full of every single cooking and baking gadget you can think of. Some carry enormous costs, some come in every shape and size imaginable, and that’s even before you start thinking about whether one brand is better than another.

If you’re anything like me, you’ll wander through cookery aisles in shops with sticky fingers - wanting to buy everything. Cooking and baking equipment is now more beautiful than ever, coming in delicious colours and eye-catching shapes. Kitchen design is now more about pleasure than pure functionality. But a well stocked and perfectly functional kitchen simply doesn’t need every gadget under the sun. If that’s your thing then great! We’d love to hear about your fanciest gadget down in the comments and why you love it. But this list will help you narrow down on everything you need to cook like a pro.

To start, my top four kitchen items. They’re humble and absolutely indispensable!

1. Chefs Knife

If you read our I.O. Shen blog post you’ll know that my chef’s knife is my favourite kitchen item. Knives are so important to a chef, we will often carry our own set from kitchen to kitchen throughout our career. Until you cook with a proper chef’s knife, you might not appreciate the difference from a regular supermarket cooking knife. A proper chef’s knife makes cutting easier, safer and quicker - because with a sharp, reliable blade there are fewer slips.

2. Meat Probe

It’s not fancy, but it’s a definite necessity that many people go without. Apart from helping to avoid sickness from undercooked meat, a meat thermometer also helps achieve the perfect meat every time. From medium rare steaks to a properly cooked and still moist chicken, a meat thermometer is your friend.

3. Pestle and Mortar

You might think pestle and mortars are a luxury in the kitchen, or perhaps more popular a few hundred years ago! In fact they have multiple surprising uses on top of spice grinding, which is what people often assume is their sole use. I use my pestle and mortar to make herbal tea - for example bruising mint leaves to release the essential oils for a soothing cup of tea. I also make pesto in a pestle and mortar because it can easily grind pine nuts, basil and garlic into a smooth paste alongside lemon juice, oil and nutritional yeast. You can even buy different pestle and mortars for different purposes. Some rough stone versions are great for grinding larger pulses and dried corn. Tiny little versions may be reserved specifically for expensive spices like saffron. There’s also something holistic and meditative about reaching for a manual labour pestle and mortar over an electric grinder.

4. Teaspoon!

The undersold star of the show! Is there anything a teaspoon isn’t useful for? From ad hoc measurements of small ingredients, to taste testing, serving sauces and dips, eating puddings, stirring… they’re even ideal for peeling ginger. A teaspoon will leave you with as much ginger as you started with, and the nutrients that lie just under the skin. I love a teaspoon so much I often find several tucked into my apron pocket at the end of the day because I’m always putting one there for later… on top of the two already in there! One word of advice, it’s good to have several teaspoons of the same size especially if you’re newer to cooking. Standardising your measurements, even the ad hoc ones, is extremely useful.

5. Spatula - metal, silicone

Two for one here because metal and silicone can have slightly different uses in the kitchen. Metal is great for your stainless steel or iron pans, but have to be used with care in non-stick pans so as to avoid scratching the surface. Metal spatulas can also be made a lot thinner than silicone, meaning they’re easier to slide under fish, meat or pancakes. And if you do have something stubborn in your pan, a metal spatula could be the one to get it un-stuck again. Silicone, on the other hand, is a gentle material. It’s great for non-stick pans because it won’t scratch them. Silicone spatulas are often used to make custards and sauces, folding thick liquids together, and useful for scraping down the sides of bowls.

6. Hand whisk

You want perfect eggs? A hand whisk is the way to do it. Pancakes? Hand whisk. I always whip cream with a hand whisk as it gives me more control and I won’t overwhip and curdle the cream. It should be smooth and not like canned whipped cream! There are so many uses for the hand whisk where elbow grease works better than electricity. A hand whisk is far more sensitive to power, and excellent to whip out for a quick job and wash quickly. I have even made several batches of cupcakes with a hand whisk because there wasn’t an electric whisk to hand. If you’re tight on budget or space, a hand whisk is a priority.

7. Non-stick pots pans

Non-stick pans can be a bit of a controversy. Some chefs swear by their stainless steel - which will definitely last longer, take more of a beating, and, honestly, are probably better for the environment. It’s true that the chemicals used in non-stick pans are quite aggressive, so if you want to keep things eco-friendly, this is one area to do your research. They are, however, a game changer. To speed up cooking, ensure even cooking, reduce mess and waste, and generally make your life easier, non-stick is the way forward. A selection of three pot sizes - small, medium and large, and at least two frying pan sizes, are a great starting point for any cook. And definitely get lids.

8. Dutch oven

Primary school jokes aside, a Dutch oven is another kitchen tool with surprisingly varied uses. Looking very similar to a casserole pot, a Dutch oven is a heavy walled cast iron pot with a tight fitting lid. Historically made of seasoned cast iron, you can now find modern Dutch ovens made of cast aluminium or ceramic. Some are cast iron coated in ceramic. And in case you’re wondering, seasoning is a layer of carbonized oil. There are specific and restrictive washing instructions for a seasoned pan to avoid damaging the seasoning, which builds up to form a natural cooking surface that helps to prevent rust. Dutch ovens have almost endless uses. From browning meat and veg to cooking curries, chillies, stews, soups and more, you can pop a Dutch oven in the oven, or on the stove. Many home bakers even cook sourdough in a Dutch oven because it is the closest environment a home baker could get to a professional bakers oven. The Dutch oven helps create a humid environment that keeps the outside crust of the sourdough soft as the dough expands. The only downside is that a quality Dutch oven can run into hundreds of pounds. Cheaper alternatives are available, but still reach around £50 and may not have the same cooking potential.

9. Sheet pan

What can I say? From cookies to chips, sheet pans are your best friend. In our house they are used almost every day, and should form a staple item in any kitchen.

10. Baking dish